From 1900 to 1950 Princeton, New Jersey, hosted two of the most prestigious institutions and provided a location for the expansive mathematical investigations taking place just before, during, and immediately after the Second World War. Princeton University and the Institute for Advanced Study housed, fed, and provided workspaces for an array of Mathematicians uncovering new research methodologies (resulting in the defeat of both the Nazi Party and the Empire of Nippon), the foundation for modern experimental Mathematics, and expansions of Theoretical and Applied Physics.
"Expansion of the Department of Mathematics at Princeton University and the Founding of the School of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study: 1900-1950,"
Graduate Review: Vol. 1:
1, Article 5.
Available at: https://openspaces.unk.edu/grad-review/vol1/iss1/5