Undergraduate Research Journal

Volume 21 (2017)


We are pleased to share the 2017 UNK Undergraduate Research Journal with friends of the University of Nebraska at Kearney. We are happy to have so many strong submissions this year, reflecting the high quality scholarly papers produced by undergraduate students at UNK.

UNK students also disseminate their research and creative activity at on-campus forums, at the National Conferences on Undergraduate Research, and at professional conferences throughout the year. Several students won national recognition for their original research and creative activity in 2017-2018.

Our thanks to Arielle Roberts for serving as editor of this edition. Congratulations to the students whose writing is included, and our sincere appreciation to the many faculty members who guide and support their work.

Kenya Taylor

Associate Vice Chancellor Academic & Student Affairs, and Dean, Graduate Studies & Research



Arielle Roberts

Undergraduate Research Council

Christopher Exstrom
Jody Van Laningham
Julie Campbell
Letty Reichart
Michelle Beissel Heath


Doug Biggs
Joan Blauwkamp
Lorna Bracewell
Deb Bridges
Julie Campbell
Joseph Carlson
Roger Davis
Diane Duffin
Tommy Eshleman
Christopher Exstrom
Megan Hartman
Susan Honeyman
Allan Jenkins
Roy Koepp
Martha Kruse
Seth Long
Sandra Loughrin
Robert Luscher
Satoshi Machida
Ben Malczyk
Suzanne Maughan
Amanda Sladek
Gary Smith
Christina Sogar
Chris Steinke
Ye Su
Frank Tenkorang
Rebecca Umland
David Vail
Theresa Wdkins
Timbre Wulf-Ludden